The carpet is a woven textile which is produced by knotting colored threads on the warp,
compressed by the weft. Two types of knots are used in producing carpets: The Turkish
(Gördes-symmetrical) knot is wrapped around two warps and the Persian (Sineasymmetric) knot around a single warp. The Gördes knot makes a carpet stronger, firmer and more durable, while the Sine knot allows the weaving of different patterns. The tighter are the knots, the finer and stronger is the carpet.
Turkish carpets and kilims are in the most valuable collections of museums and collector in the world. Today, world museums exhibit the carpets woven in Anatolia as their most
important and valuable works of art, beginning from the Seljuk period and continuing with
the Ottoman Empire.
Turkish carpets have had a vast influence on an extensive zone ranging from Central Asia to Europe. From the middle of the 15th century, carpets exported from Turkey were highly appreciated in Europe and Turkish carpets played an essential role in the social life of Europe. These carpets are widely reflected in the paintings of the time and they are
illustrated precisely. This interest, which grew and continued in the 16th and 17th
centuries, especially during Renaissance period, is shown the existence of at least one or more Anatolian carpets in portraits of aristocrats, religious figures or other illustrations.
Turkish carpets were so highly prized in Europe that they often graced the table than the
floor. Because Turkish carpets were highly esteemed, possession of a Turkish carpet was regarded as a status symbol. Hans Holbein, Lorenzo Lotto, Carlo Crivelli, Hans Memling, and Gentile Bellini are some of painters who used Turkish carpets in their paintings.
Anatolian carpets and kilims with their lively colors, motifs, patterns and superior quality
have a universal reputation. Natural dyes are used, where many families have kept their
knowledge of which leaves, flowers, roots and vegetables would yield the most radiant
Source: Republic of Turkey – Ministry of Economy